A manager, in general, has to have the work done by others, these others are resources or human assets; they are to be motivated that they can succeed in their organizational goals. The process helps the manager in analyzing and comprehending human behavior, finding out the ways to enthuse the employees with the intention that the considered necessary working behavior as well as the attainment of set goals be ascertained.
Motivation framework, originated from the needs, is a good starting point with the aim of figuring out how people chose certain behaviors. Since there exists a host of needs and that they are at variance, the contentment of a need gives rise to the identification of other needs. So is the cycle of motivation reiterated constantly – varying from person to person and time to time. Additionally, the process is influenced by personality traits, learning abilities, perception and competence together with individuals; as such understanding human motivation is crucial and decisive.
Motivation helps the managers to keep an eye on what makes people work and how they are to be motivated. There are several theories available on the subject of motivation to assist mangers and to get better insight into human behavior. The organization or the managers making an effort to enhance the motivation can draw on any of the theories or approaches.
According to Maslow’s theory, people are motivated to satisfy these levels of needs.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Motivational Needs:
(1)Biological and Physiological: [Basic life needs: Food, water shelter and air]
(2) Job-Safety/Security: It is satisfied in the work place by job continuity, adequate insurance and retirement benefit package etc.
(3) Social:Relating to the social aspect of human life, need for love and affection, to be satisfied by a combination of family and community relationships outside the work.
(4) Esteem: Self-image/self-respect and recognition and respect from others.
(5) Self- Actualization: At the top, indicating one’s potential for continued growth and individual development after the other needs are fulfilled.
K. A. Fareed (Fareed Siddiqui)
Writer, Trainer, Author, Blogger, Software Developer
BBA, MBA-Finance, MPhil-Financial Management, (MSc-Software Engineering)
Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications and Programming
Certificate course in English language proficiency
Level 1 – Leadership and Management ILM – UK
Individual Member of Institute of Management Consultants of India