“Leadership should be more participative than directive, more enabling than performing.” – Mary D.Poole
The manager of a business organization is supposed to be a leader of his team. He is a representative of subordinates. He goes-between his subordinates and top management. He supervises his team. Leadership style is what is demonstrated by a manager during supervision of subordinates. There are probably innumerable leadership styles having both merits and demerits. However, the advantages of participative leadership style are mentioned in this article.
Participative Leadership Style is also known as consultative leadership style, as the term implies, leader is willing to consult the group and encourages his subordinates to present their opinions for decision making process creating an environment of openness and conviction.
Owing to this style, there establishes two way method of communication which leads to reach the conclusions as smoothly as possible. In other words, it is seeking win-win solutions opening the doors of opinion to the talented employees. Since a great concern of their leader to his subordinates is manifested by this method, the employees develop the sense of confidence.
Participative leadership style is often called the democratic leadership style. This style not only boosts the employee morale but it also lets the employee make their potential contribution to the decision making process. Moreover, one of the most important benefits of this style is that it leads or enables the employees to face even the challenges at work, because they are willing to work with positive feelings under the leader who maintains participative leadership. In this way, the participative leadership style offers more than the opportunity to work and improve themselves in terms of their performance.
The demerits of this style are few as compared to the merits, such as, it is time consuming to reach the conclusions and the subordinates may dominate or it may be that they may cause disruptions. Nonetheless, talented employees seek their own ways to strengthen their professionalism by way of this style of leadership.
Mention deserves to be made about the powers of a leader. Every leader has authority and power. Power is an important aspect of organizations. It is the ability to exercise control over the subordinates. A business leader has legitimate power which is the same as authority used to control and utilize organizational resources. He has reward power to grant rewards, pay raise, promotions and bonus etc. He needs to use coercive power as well. Coercive power is meant to use force or threats to make somebody to do something against his will. While the coercive power may be effective, but it has side effects also, which may result in intense aggression or anger or the ill feeling caused by a sense of having been treated badly. Furthermore, a good leader possesses expert power based on his expert skills and knowledge. In addition, it is the referent power of a leader that he is respected based on his good qualities or expert power or good demeanor. Above and beyond, a good leader has charismatic power to influence his followers. It is personal magnetism that attracts the subordinates, inspires enthusiasm and interest towards zest for working.
K. A. Fareed (Fareed Siddiqui)
Writer, Trainer, Author, Blogger, Software Developer
BBA, MBA-Finance, MPhil-Financial Management, (PhD-Management)
Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications and Programming
Certificate course in English language proficiency
Level 1 – Leadership and Management ILM – UK
Individual Member of Institute of Management Consultants of India